New Modeling of Metal Oxide Surge Arresters

Authors

Electrical Engineering Department South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This paper describes simplified modeling of metal oxide surge arrester (MOSA) to operate analysis. This model is a new model proposed (P-K Model) to verify the accuracy in order to compare with IEEE and Pinceti Model. The simulations are performed with the Alternative Transients Program version of Electromagnetic Transient Program (ATP-EMTP). In the present paper, the MOSA models were verified for several medium voltages which consist of 18 kV and 21 kV, which 18 kV arrester was used in 22 kV system of Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) and 21 kV arrester was used in 24 kV system of Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) in Thailand. The P-K model was evaluate from different manufacturing, it is based on the General Electric (GE), Siemens and Ohio Brass as well as IEEE and Pinceti Model. The tests are performed by applying a fast front current surge with front time of up to 0.5μs and the standard impulse current surge (8/20μs). The results were compared between three models in order to calculate the error operation of the MOSA in the ATP-EMTP Program. The relative error of arrester models show that the P-K model can be used to simulate and calculate in ATP-EMTP program as well as IEEE and Pinceti model. In the case of fast front current surge, the P-K model has a maximum error of 5.39% (Ohio Brass, 10 kA, 21 kV) and has a minimum error of 0.24% (GE, 10 kA, 18 kV). Also, the standard impulse current surge, P-K model has a maximum error of 2% (Ohio Brass, 10 kA, 18 kV) and has a minimum error of 0.32% (Siemens, 10 kA, 21 kV) in the voltage response.